Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart German: full baptismal name Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart. Born January 27th, 1756 and died December 5th, 1791. He was a prolific and influential composer of the Classical era. He composed over 600 works, many acknowledged as pinnacles of symphonic, concertante, chamber, piano, operatic, and choral music.
Mozart is among the most enduringly popular of classical composers.
Mozart showed prodigious ability from his earliest childhood in Salzburg. Already competent on keyboard and violin, he composed from the age of five and performed before European royalty; at 17 he was engaged as a court musician in Salzburg, but grew restless and traveled in search of a better position, always composing abundantly. While visiting Vienna in 1781, he was dismissed from his Salzburg position. He chose to stay in the capital, where he achieved fame but little financial security. During his final years in Vienna, he composed many of his best-known symphonies, concertos, and operas, and the Requiem. The circumstances of his early death have been much mythologized. He was survived by his wife Constanze and two sons.
Mozart learned voraciously from others, and developed a brilliance and maturity of style that encompassed the light and graceful along with the dark and passionate. His influence on subsequent Western art music is profound. Beethoven wrote his own early compositions in the shadow of Mozart, of whom Joseph Haydn wrote that "posterity will not see such a talent again in 100 years."
While Mozart's father, Leopold was a devoted teacher to his children, there is evidence that Wolfgang was keen to make progress beyond what he was being taught.
Leopold eventually gave up composing when his talents became evident. He was Wolfgang's only teacher in his earliest years, and taught his children languages and academic subjects as well as music.
Mozart died at 1 a.m. on 5 December 1791 at the age of 35. He
was buried in a common grave, in accordance with contemporary Viennese custom, at the St Marx cemetery outside the city on December 7th. If, as later reports say, no mourners attended, that too is consistent with Viennese burial customs at the time.
The cause of Mozart's death cannot be known with certainty. The most widely accepted version, however, is that he died of acute rheumatic fever; he is known to have had three or even four attacks of it since his childhood, and this disease has a tendency to recur, with increasingly serious consequences each time, such as rampant infection and damage to the heart valves
Mozart's sparse funeral did not reflect his standing with the public as a composer, but in the period immediately after his death Mozart's reputation rose substantially.
Information taken above from WIKIPEDIA - see MOZART WIKIPEDIA
for more information. www.Wikipedia.com